The Winchester Model 1897, also known as the M1897 Trenchgun, was a pump-action shotgun with an external hammer and tube magazine manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. The Model 1897 was an evolution of the Winchester Model 1893 designed by John Browning. From 1897 until 1957, over one million of these shotguns were produced. The Model 1897 was offered in numerous barrel lengths and grades, chambered in 12 and 16 gauge, and as a solid frame or takedown. The 16-gauge guns had a standard barrel length of 28 inches, while 12-gauge guns were furnished with 30-inch length barrels. Special length barrels could be ordered in lengths as short as 20 inches, and as long as 36 inches. Since the time the Model 1897 was first manufactured it has been used by American soldiers, police departments, and hunters.
Usage by the MarinesEdit
The Model 1897 was used in limited numbers during World War II by the United States Army and Marine Corps, although it was largely superseded by the similarly militarized version of the hammerless Model 1912. Other military uses of the shotgun included "the execution of security/interior guard operations, rear area security operations, guarding prisoners of war, raids, ambushes, military operations in urban terrain, and selected special operations.
It is best known for its role is in Guadalcanal, as a marine uses it to hold back a huge wave of Japanese soldiers.
The Trenchgun is one of a few weapons only featured in Guadalcanal.
Seeing its use in the Pacific especially against Banzai Charges the T/O(Table of Organization formed the basis of the Marine divisional structure) of the Marine Corps starting from T/O E-100(1943) up to T/O G-100(1945) utilized 306 12-gauge Shotguns.